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7-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scanning in Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease

Publicatiejaar 2024
Gepubliceerd in Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Auteur(s) Lisa Verlaat, Niels Rijks, José Dilai, Marjolein Admiraal, Martijn Beudel, Rob M A de Bie, Wietske van der Zwaag, Rick Schuurman, Pepijn van den Munckhof, Maarten Bot

BACKGROUND: Identifying the dorsolateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be challenging due to the size and double-oblique orientation. Since 2015 we implemented 7-Tesla T2 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (7 T T2) for improving visualization and targeting of the dorsolateral STN. We describe the changes in surgical planning and outcome since implementation of 7 T T2 for DBS in PD.

METHODS: By comparing two cohorts of STN DBS patients in different time periods we evaluated the influence of 7 T T2 on STN target planning, the number of microelectrode recording (MER) trajectories, length of STN activity and the postoperative motor (UPDRS) improvement.

RESULTS: From February 2007 to January 2014, 1.5 and 3-Tesla T2 guided STN DBS with 3 MER channels was performed in 76 PD patients. Average length of recorded STN activity in the definite electrode trajectory was 3.9 ± 1.5 mm. From January 2015 to January 2022 7 T T2 and MER-guided STN DBS was performed in 182 PD patients. Average length of recorded STN activity in the definite electrode trajectory was 5.1 ± 1.3 mm and used MER channels decreased from 3 to 1. Average UPDRS improvement was comparable.

CONCLUSION: Implementation of 7 T T2 for STN DBS enabled a refinement in targeting. Combining classical DBS targeting with dorsolateral STN alignment may be used to determine the optimal trajectory. The improvement in dorsolateral STN visualization can be used for further target refinements, for example adding probabilistic subthalamic connectivity, to enhance clinical outcome of STN DBS.

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